What is Street Art?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Hamon french artist in Paris.

“Painting in the Global tradition” by Ces53, a Dutch street artist.

Street art is any art developed in public spaces — that is, “in the streets” — though the term usually refers to unsanctioned art, as opposed to government sponsored initiatives. The term can include traditional graffiti artwork, stencil graffiti, sticker art, wheatpasting and street poster art, video projection, art intervention, guerrilla art, flash mobbing and street installations. Typically, the term street art or the more specific post-graffiti is used to distinguish contemporary public-space artwork from territorial graffiti, vandalism, and corporate art.

Artists have challenged art by situating it in non-art contexts. ‘Street’ artists do not aspire to change the definition of an artwork, but rather to question the existing environment with its own language. They attempt to have their work communicate with everyday people about socially relevant themes in ways that are informed by esthetic values without being imprisoned by them. [1] In 1981, Washington Project for the Arts held an exhibition entitled Street Art, which included John Fekner, Fab Five Freddy and Lee Quinones working directly on the streets.[2] Fekner, a pioneer in urban art, is included in Cedar Lewisohn’s book Street Art: The Graffiti Revolution, which accompanied the 2008 Street Art exhibiton at the Tate Modern in England which Lewisohn was the curator. John Fekner is quoted as defining street art as, “all art on the street that’s not graffiti.” [3]

Owl, Mezer, Moss. Venice Beach, Ca.

The motivations and objectives that drive street artists are as varied as the artists themselves. There is a strong current of activism and subversion in urban art. Street art can be a powerful platform for reaching the public, and frequent themes include adbusting, subvertising and other culture jamming, the abolishment of private property and reclaiming the streets. Other street artists simply see urban space as an untapped format for personal artwork, while others may appreciate the challenges and risks that are associated with installing illicit artwork in public places. However the universal theme in most, if not all street art, is that adapting visual artwork into a format which utilizes public space, allows artists who may otherwise feel disenfranchised, to reach a much broader audience than traditional artwork and galleries normally allow.

The 1990 book “Soho Walls – Beyond Graffiti” by David Robinson[4] documents the paradigm shift in New York from the text based precedents established by the graffiti artists towards art in the streets such as the shadow figures by Richard Hambleton and a group of five young New York artists working collectively under the moniker AVANT.[5]

Techniques

Whereas traditional graffiti artists have primarily used free-hand aerosol paints to produce their works,[6] “street art” encompasses many other media and techniques, including;

  • Mosaic tiling
  • Murals
  • Stencil art
  • Sticker art
  • Street installations
  • Wheatpasting
  • Woodblocking
  • Video projection/LED art
  • Yarn bombing

Traditional graffiti also has increasingly been adopted as a method for advertising; its trajectory has even in some cases led to its artists’ working on contract as graphic artists for corporations.[7] Street art is a label often adopted by artists who wish to keep their work unaffiliated, and strongly political. Street artists are those whose work is still largely done without official approval in public areas.

For these reasons street art is sometimes considered “post-graffiti” and sometimes even “neo-graffiti.”[8] Street art can be found around the world and street artists often travel to other countries foreign to them so they can spread their designs.

street art photo

Be Sociable, Share!

4 Responses to What is Street Art?

  1. acai

    January 27, 2010 at 10:07 am

    I don't care what most people think, street art and graffitti definitely make a city look better. If it would stay as art instead of gang tags we'd live in a near perfect world :)Does anyone know if there is a schedule of when Obey prints are going on sale?

  2. Aesop

    November 13, 2010 at 6:15 pm

    There was recently a large sale at the Cincinnati Contemporary Art Center when Fairey was in the area. He did a large number of postings of Obey material around the city as well

  3. Pingback: Street art popping up in urban areas and the struggle between public art and vandalism laws. | Lacking Sense

  4. urbanprovocation

    April 5, 2013 at 5:36 am

    Interesting article although not sure about the non debate about graffiti being part of street art or not. Here is a definition of our view on street art: "If Street Art should have a definition, it should be the right of artistic self-expresssion in public spaces whichever you art is."…

You must be logged in to post a comment Login